Montgomery RA, Vucetich JA, Roloff GJ, Bump JK, Peterson RO. 2014. Where Wolves Kill Moose: The Influence of Prey Life History Dynamics on the Landscape Ecology of Predation. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91414. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091414 [pdf]


Räikkönen J, Vucetich JA, Peterson RO, Nelson MP, Vucetich LM. 2013. What the inbred Scandinavian wolf population tells us about the nature of conservation. PLOS ONE 8(6): e67218. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0067218. [pdf]

Peterson RO, JA Vucetich and LM Vucetich.  2013.  Osteoarthritis in nature:  osteoarthritis phenotypes are sexually dimorphic in moose (Alces alces).  Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 21:S69. [pdf]

Montgomery RA, JA Vucetich, RO Peterson, GJ Roloff, KF Millenbach. 2013. The influence of winter severity, predation and senescence on moose habitat use. Journal of Animal Ecology 82(2):301-309. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA. 2013.  Wolves and their place in the great hierarchy of life. In Thiel, D (ed) Wild Wolves We Have Known. International Wolf Center.

Nelson MP, Vucetich JA. 2013. The value of wilderness.  in The International Encyclopedia of Ethics, edited by Hugh LaFollette, Wiley-Blackwell, print pages 5476-5484, DOI: 10.1002/ 9781444367072.wbiee645. [pdf]


Vucetich JA, Nelson MP, Peterson RO. 2012. Managing wolves on Isle Royale: What should be done if an icon of wilderness culture dies out? The George Wright Forum, 29(1): 126–147. [pdf]

Metz M, Smith D, Vucetich J, Stahler D, Peterson R. 2012.  Seasonal patterns of predation for gray wolves in the multi-prey system of Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Animal Ecology 81(3):553-563,  DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01945.x. [pdf]

Frelich LE, Peterson RO, Dovčiak M, Reich PB, Vucetich JA, Eisenhauer N. 2012. Trophic cascades, invasive species and body-size hierarchies interactively modulate climate change responses of ecotonal temperate-boreal forest. Phil Trans R Soc B 367:2955-2961 (doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0235).[pdf]

Nelson, MP & JA Vucetich. 2012. The ethics of sustainability science.  Nature Education Knowledge 3(10):12.  [pdf]

Marucco F, Vucetich LM, Peterson RO, Adams JR, Vucetich JA. 2012. Evaluating the efficacy of non-invasive genetic methods and estimating wolf survival during a ten-year period. Conservation Genetics 13(6):1611-1622 (DOI 10.1007/s10592-012-0412-4).[pdf]

Witt JC, Webster CR, Froese RE, Drummer TD, and Vucetich, JA.  2012. Scale-dependent drivers of ungulate patch use along a temporal and spatial gradient of snow depth. Can J Zool 90(8): 972-983 (DOI 10.1139/z2012-065) [pdf]

Vucetich JA, Huntzinger BA, Peterson RO, Vucetich LM, Hammill JH, Beyer DE. 2012. Intra-seasonal variation in wolf Canis lupus kill rates. Wildlife Biology 18:1-12. [pdf]

Sand H, Vucetich JA, Zimmermann B, Wabakken P, Wikenros C, Pederson H, Peterson RO, Liberg O. 2012. Assessing the influence of prey–predator ratio, prey age structure and packs size on wolf kill rates. Oikos. (doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20082.x). [pdf]


Vucetich JA, Vucetich LM, Peterson, RO. 2012. The causes and consequences of partial prey consumption by wolves preying on moose. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 66: 295-303, DOI: 10.1007/s00265-011-1277-0. [pdf]

Peterson RO, Vucetich JA, Beyer D, Schrage M, Räikkönen J. 2011. Phenotypic Variation in Moose: The island rule and the moose of Isle Royale. Alces 47:125-133. [pdf]

MacNulty D, D Smith, D Mech, JA Vucetich, C Packer. 2011. Nonlinear effects of group size on the success of wolves hunting elk.  Behavioral Ecology doi: 10.1093/beheco/arr159. [pdf]

Adams JR, LM Vucetich, PW Hedrick, RO Peterson, JA Vucetich. 2011. Genomic sweep and potential genetic rescue during limiting environmental conditions in an isolated wolf population. Proceedings Royal Soc B 278:3336-3344. [pdf]

Geffen et al. 2011. Kin encounter rate and inbreeding avoidance in canids. Molecular Ecology 20: 5348–5358. [pdf]

Gore ML, Nelson MP, Vucetich JA, Smith AM, Clark MA. 2011. Exploring the ethical basis for conservation policy: the case of inbred wolves on Isle Royale, USA. Conservation Letters 4(5):394-401. [pdf]

Hedrick P, J Adams, JA Vucetich. 2011. Genetic Rescue: Re-evaluating and Broadening the Definition. Conservation Biology 25(6):1069–1070. [pdf]

Metz, MC, JA Vucetich, DW Smith, DR Stahler, RO Peterson. 2011. Effect of sociality and season on gray wolf (Canis lupus) foraging behavior: Implications for estimating summer kill rate. PLoS ONE 6(3)e17332. [pdf]

Nelson, MP, JA Vucetich, PC Paquet, JK Bump. 2011. North American Model: An Inadequate Construct? The Wildlife Professional 58-60. [pdf]

Nelson, MP, JA Vucetich, RO Peterson, LM Vucetich. 2011. The Isle Royale wolf-moose project (1958-present) and the wonder of long-term ecological reesearch. Endeavour 35(1):30-38. [pdf]

Silvia, WJ, RO Peterson, WF Silvia, JA Vucetich, AW Silvia. 2011. The occurrence and morphology of a lateral metatarsal splint bone in moose (Alces alces). The Anatomical Record 294(2):231-235. [pdf]

Vucetich JA, M Hebblewhite, DW Smith, RO Peterson. 2011. Predicting prey population dynamics from kill rate, predation rate and predator-prey ratios in three wolf- ungulate systems. Journal of Animal Ecology 80:1236-1245. [pdf]


Peterson, RO, JA Vucetich, G Fenton, TD Drummer, CS Larsen. 2010. The ecology of arthritis. Ecology Letters 13(9):1124–1128. [pdf]

Vucetich JA, Nelson MP. 2010. Sustainability: virtuous or vulgar? Bioscience 60(7):539-544. [pdf]

Carroll, C, JA Vucetich, MP Nelson, DJ Rohlf, MK Phillips. 2010. Geography and Recovery under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Conservation Biology, 24(2):395-403. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA. 2010. Wolves, Ravens and a New Purpose for Science. In: Moore, K & Nelson MP (eds.), Moral Ground: Our Obligation to the Future, Trinity University Press, San Antonio, TX, Pp 337-342.

Vucetich JA, RO Peterson, & MP Nelson. 2010. Will the future of Isle Royale wolves & moose always differ from our sense of their past? in The World of Wolves,  new perspectives on ecology, behaviour & policy. (Eds. M Musiani, L Boitani & P Paquet) Univ Calgary Press, Pp 123-154.


Beyer, DE, RO Peterson, JA Vucetich, JH Hammill. 2009. Wolf Population Changes in Michigan. In: Wydeven, A.P., VanDeelen, T. R., and Heske, E.J. (eds.) Recovery of Gray wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer Press, New York, NY. [book]

Bump, JK, K Tischler, A Schrank, R Peterson, JA Vucetich. 2009. Large herbivores & aquatic-terrestrial links in southern boreal forests. J Anim Ecol., 78:338-345. [pdf]

Bump, JK, RO Peterson, JA Vucetich. 2009. Wolves modulate soil nutrient heterogeneity and foliar nitrogen by configuring the distribution of ungulate carcasses. Ecology 90(11): 3159 –3167. [pdf]

Bump, J, R Peterson, J Vucetich, C Webster. 2009. Ungulate carcasses perforate ecological filters & create biogeochemical hotspots in forest herbaceous layers allowing trees a competitive advantage. Ecosystems. 12: 996–1007. [pdf]

MacNulty, DR, DW Smith, JA Vucetich, LD Mech, DR Stahler, C Packer. 2009. Predatory senescence in aging wolves. Ecology Letter 12(12): 1347-1356. [pdf]

Nelson MP and JA Vucetich. 2009. Abandon Hope. The Ecologist, March 2009 [pdf]

Nelson, MP, JA Vucetich. 2009. Preservation. Pages 180-184 in Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, Edited by: J. Baird Callicott and R. Frodeman (Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan). [pdf]

Nelson, MP & JA Vucetich. 2009. On Advocacy by Environmental Scientists, What, Whether, Why, & How. Cons. Biol. 23: 1090-1101. [pdf]

Räikkönen, J., Vucetich, J.A., Peterson, R.O., Nelson, M.P., 2009. Congenital bone deformities and the inbred wolves (Canis lupus) of Isle Royale. Biological Conservation 142 (5): 1027-1033. [pdf]

Schwartz MK and JA Vucetich. 2009. Molecules and beyond: Assessing distinctness of the Great Lakes Wolf. Molecular Ecology 18(11): 2307-2309 (Invited Commentary). [pdf]

Vucetich JA, PM Outridge, RO Peterson, R Eide, & R Isrennd. 2009. Trends for mercury, lead & lead isotope ratios in the teeth of moose (Alces alces) from Isle Royale, U.S. Upper Midwest, from 1952 to 2002. J Environ. Mon. 11(7): 1352-1359. [pdf]

Vucetich JA and RO Peterson. 2009. Dynamics of wolf and moose on Isle Royale In:  Wydeven, A.P., VanDeelen, T. R., and Heske, E.J. (eds.) Recovery of Gray wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer Press, New York, NY.

Vucetich, JA, MP Nelson, J Räikkönen, RO Peterson. 2009. On-line & In Press. The logic of persistence. Biological Conservation 143(3): 533-534. [pdf]


Vucetich, JA, MP Nelson. 2008. Distinguishing experiential and physical conceptions of wilderness. In: Nelson MP & JB Callicott (eds.) The Wilderness Debate Rages on: Continuing the Great New Wilderness Debate. University of Georgia Press. [pdf]

Nelson, MP, RO Peterson, JA Vucetich. 2008. The Isle Royale Wolf-Moose Project: 50 Years of Challenge and Insight. George Wright Society 25(2). [Invited Essay]


Nelson, MP, M Phillips, JA Vucetich. 2007. Normativity and the meaning of endangered: a comment on Waples et al. 2007. Cons Biology 21(6):1646–1648. [pdf]

Bump, JK, K. Fox-Dobbs, JL. Bada, PL. Koch, RO Peterson and J.A. Vucetich 2007. Stable isotopes, ecological integration and environmental change: wolves record atmospheric carbon isotope trend better than tree rings. Proc R. Soc, Lond B. [pdf]


Vucetich, JA, MP Nelson, MK Phillips. 2006. The normative dimension and legal meaning of ‘endangered’ and ‘recovery’ within the United States’ Endangered Species Act. Conservation Biology, 20(5): 1383-1390 [pdf]

Wilmers, CC, ES Post, RO Peterson, JA Vucetich. 2006. Disease mediated switch from top-down to bottom-up control exacerbates climatic effects on moose population dynamics. Ecology Letters, 9(4): 383-389. [pdf]

Theberge JA, Theberge, MT, JA Vucetich, PC Paquet. 2006. Pitfalls of applying adaptive management to a wolf population in Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario. J Environ Management,37(4): 451-460. [pdf]


Waite, T.A., Vucetich, J., Saurer, T., Kroninger, M., Vaughn, E., Field, K. Ibargüen, S., 2005. Minimizing extinction risk through genetic rescue. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 28(2): 121–130. [pdf]

Potvin, MJ, T Drummer, J. A. Vucetich, D. E. Beyer, R. O. Peterson, J. H. Hammill. 2005. Monitoring and habitat analysis for wolves in Upper Michigan. J. Wildl Manag. 69(4) [pdf]

Vucetich, JA, DW Smith, DR Stahler. 2005. Influence of harvest, climate, and wolf predation on Yellowstone elk, 1961-2004. Oikos, 111(2):259-270. [pdf]

Jost, C, G Devulder, JA Vucetich, R Peterson, & R Arditi. 2005. The wolves of Isle Royale display scale-invariant satiation and density dependent predation on moose. J. Anim. Ecol., 74 (5): 809-816. [pdf]


Potvin, MJ, RO Peterson, & JA Vucetich. 2004. Wolf homesite attendance patterns. Can. J. Zool 82:1512-1518. [pdf]

Lotts, KC, TA Waite, & JA Vucetich. 2004. Reliability of absolute and relative predictions of population persistence based on time series. Conservation Biology 18(5):1224-1232. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA & RO Peterson. 2004. The influence of prey consumption and demographic stochasticity on population growth rate of Isle Royale wolves (Canis lupus). Oikos 107:309-320. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA, & RO Peterson. 2004. The influence of top-down, bottom-up, and abiotic factors on the moose (Alces alces) population of Isle Royale. Proceeding Royal Soc Lond, B 271:183-189. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA, RO Peterson, & TA Waite. 2004. Raven scavenging favours group foraging in wolves. Animal Behaviour 67:1117-1126. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA & RO Peterson. 2004. Long-term population and predation dynamics of wolves on Isle Royale. Pages 281-292 in Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids, edited by D. Macdonald & C. Sillero-Zubiri, Oxford University Press. [pdf]


Peterson, RO, JA Vucetich, RE Page, & A Chouinard. 2003. Temporal and spatial aspects of predator-prey dynamics. Alces, 39:215-232. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA & TA Waite. 2003. Spatial patterns of demography and genetic processes across the species' range: Null hypotheses for landscape conservation genetics. Conservation genetics 4(5): 639-645. [pdf]

Oelfke J, RO Peterson, JA Vucetich, & LM Vucetich. 2003. Wolf handling at Isle Royale: Can we find another approach? George Wright Society 20(3):50-58.


Post ES, N.-C. Stenseth, RO Peterson, JA Vucetich & Ellis. 2002. Phase dependence and population cycles in a large mammal predator-prey system. Ecology 83(11): 2997-3002. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA, RO Peterson, & CL Schaefer. 2002. The effect of prey and predator densities on wolf predation. Ecology 83(11): 3003-3013. [pdf]


Vucetich, JA & TA Waite. 2001. Migration and inbreeding: the importance of recipient population size for genetic management. Conservation Genetics 2(2):167-171. [pdf]

Vucetich, LM, Vucetich, JA, Cleckner, LB, Gorski, PR, & RO Peterson. 2001. Mercury concentrations in deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) tissues from Isle Royale National Park. Environmental Pollution 14(1):113-118. [pdf]

Vucetich, LM, Vucetich, JA, Waite, TA, Joshi, CP, & RO Peterson. 2001. Genetic (RAPD) diversity in Peromyscus maniculatus in a naturally fragmentation landscape. Molecular Ecology 10(1):35-40. [pdf]


Vucetich, JA & TA Waite. 2000. Is one migrant per generation sufficient for the genetic management of fluctuating populations? Animal Conservation 3:261-266. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA, TA Waite, L Qvarnemark, & S Ibarguen. 2000. Population variability and extinction risk. Conservation Biology 14(6):1704-1714. [pdf]


Eberhardt, LL, Peterson, RO. 1999. Predicting the wolf-prey equilibrium point. Can. J. Zool. 77:494-498.

Vucetich, JA & TA Waite. 1999. Erosion of heterozygosity in fluctuating populations. Conservation Biology 13(4):860-868. [pdf]

Peterson, RO. 1999. Wolf-moose interaction on Isle Royale: The end of natural regulation? Ecol. Appl. 9:10-16. [pdf]

Post, E, Peterson, RO, Stenseth, NC, McLaren, BE. 1999. Ecosystem consequences of wolf behavioural response to climate. Nature 401:905-907. [pdf]


Vucetich, JA & TA Waite. 1998. On the interpretation and application of mean times to extinction. Biodiversity and Conservation. 7:1539-1547. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA & TA Waite. 1998. The number of censuses required for demographic estimation of the effective population size. Conservation Biology 12:1023-1030. [pdf]

Peterson, RO, NJ Thomas, JM Thurber, JA Vucetich, & TA Waite. 1998. Population limitation and the wolves of Isle Royale. Journal of Mammalogy 79(3):487-841. [pdf]

Landon, DB; Waite, CA; Peterson, RO; Mech, LD. 1998. Evaluation of age determination techniques for gray wolves. J. Wildl. Manage. 62:674-682. [pdf]


DelGiudice, GD, Peterson, RO, Samuel, WM. 1997. Trends of winter nutritional restriction, ticks, and numbers of moose on Isle Royale. J. Wildl. Manage. 61:895-903. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA, TA Waite, & L Nunney. 1997. Fluctuating population size and the ratio of effective to census population size (Ne/N). Evolution 51(6):2017-2021. [pdf]

Vucetich, JA, RO Peterson, & TA Waite. 1997. Effects of social structure and prey dynamics on extinction risk in gray wolves. Conservation Biology 11:957-965. [pdf]


Hindelang, M, Peterson, RO. 1996. Osteoporotic skull lesions in moose at Isle Royale National Park. J. of Wildlife Diseases 32:105-108. [pdf]


McRoberts RE, Mech LD, Peterson, RO. 1995. The cumulative effect of consecutive winters snow depth on moose and deer populations - a defense. Journal of Animal Ecology 64 (1): 131-135. [pdf]


McLaren, BE, Peterson, RO. 1994. Wolves, moose, and tree rings on Isle Royale. Science 266:1555-1558. [pdf]


Thurber JM, Peterson, RO. 1993. Effects of population-density and pack size on the foraging ecology of gray wolves. Journal of Mammalogy 74 (4): 879-889. [pdf]

Peterson, R. O., Page RE. 1993. Detection of moose in midwinter from fixed-wing aircraft over dense forest cover. Wildlife Society Bulletin 21 (1): 80-86. [pdf]

Lajeunesse TA, Peterson, RO. 1993. Marrow and kidney fat as condition indexes in gray wolves. Wildlife Society Bulletin 21 (1): 87-90. [pdf]


DelGiudice GD, Peterson, RO, Seal US. 1991. Differences in urinary chemistry profiles of moose on Isle-Royale during winter. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 27 (3): 407-416. [pdf]

Wayne, RK, Gilbert, DA, Lehman, N, Hansen, K, Eisenhawer, A, Girman, D, Peterson, RO, Mech, LD, Gogan, PJP. 1991. Conservation genetics of the endangered Isle Royale gray wolf. Conserv. Biol. 5:41-51. [pdf]


Brandner, TA, Peterson, RO. Risenhoover, KL. 1990. Balsam fir on Isle Royale: Effects of moose herbivory and population density. Ecology 71:155-164. [pdf]

Bada, JL, Peterson, RO, Schimmelmann, A, Hedges, REM. 1990. Moose teeth as monitors of environmental isotopic parameters. Oecologia 82:102-106. [pdf]


Peterson, RO and RE Page. 1988. The rise and fall of Isle Royale wolves, 1975-1986. J. Mamm. 69:89-99. [pdf]

Thompson, ID; Peterson, RO. 1988. Does wolf predation alone limit the moose population in Pukaskwa Park?: A comment. Journal of Wildlife Management 52(3):556-559. [pdf]


Risenhoover, KL; Peterson, RO. 1986. Mineral licks as a sodium source for Isle Royale moose. Oecologia 71:121-126 [pdf]


Peterson, R.O., Page, R.E., Dodge, K.M. 1984. Wolves, moose, and the allometry of population cycles. Science 224:1350-1352.

Stephens, P.W., Peterson, R.O. 1984. Wolf-avoidance strategies of moose. Holarct. Ecol. 7:239-244. [pdf]


Peterson, RO; Page, RE. 1983. Wolf-moose fluctuations at Isle Royale National Park, Michigan, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Third International Theriological Congress, Helsinki, 15-20 August 1982. 6. Symposia on Lagomorphs, Beaver, Bear, Wolf and Mustelids. pp.251-253, Acta Zoologica Fennica no. 174

Shelton, PC; Peterson, RO. 1983. Beaver, wolf and moose interactions in Isle Royale National Park, USA. Proceedings of the Third International Theriological Congress, Helsinki, 15-20 August 1982. 6. Symposia on Lagomorphs, Beaver, Bear, Wolf and Mustelids. pp. 265-266, Acta Zoologica Fennica, no. 174

Related Research

VanDeelen, T. R., and Heske, E.J. (eds.) 2009. Recovery of Gray wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer Press, New York, NY. [link]

Hobbs, NT and R. Hilborn. 2006. Alternatives to statistical hypothesis testing in ecology: a guide to self teaching. Ecological Applications 16:519.

Eberhardt, LL. 1998. Applying difference equations to wolf predation. Can. J. Zool. 76:380-386.

Pastor, J; Dewey, B; Moen, R; Mladenoff, DJ; White, M; Cohen, Y. 1998. Spatial patterns in the moose-forest-soil ecosystem on Isle Royale, Michigan, USA. Ecol. Appl. 8:411-424.

McLaren, B.E. 1996. Plant-specific response to herbivory: Simulated browsing of suppressed balsam fir on Isle Royale. Ecology 77:228-235.

Pastor, J; Dewey, B; Naiman, RJ; McInnes, PF; Cohen, Y. 1993. Moose browsing and soil fertility in the boreal forests of Isle Royale National Park. Ecology 74:467-480.

McInnes, PF; Naiman, RJ; Pastor, J; Cohen, Y. 1992. Effects of moose browsing on vegetation and litter of the boreal forest, Isle Royale, Michigan, USA. Ecology 73:2059-2075.

Messier, F. 1991. The significance of limiting and regulating factors on the demography of moose and white-tailed deer. Journal of Animal Ecology 60:377-393.

Miquelle, DG. 1990. Why don't bull moose eat during the rut? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 27(2):145-151.

Belovsky, GE. 1984. Moose and snowshoe hare competition and a mechanistic explanation from foraging theory. Oecologia 61:150-159.

Belovsky, GE. 1984. Summer diet optimization by beaver. Am. Midl. Nat. 111:209-222.

Belovsky, GE. 1984. Snowshoe hare optimal foraging and its implications for population dynamics. Theor. Popul. Biol. 25(3):235-264.

Belovsky, GE. 1984. Herbivore optimal foraging: A comparative test of three models. Am. Nat. 124:97-115.

Blackwell, AL. 1983. Extremes in the resource consumption process: A mathematical model of the irruption of the moose population on Isle Royale. Part 1 -- Ecological background and model development. Ecological Modelling 20:47-69.

Edwards, J. 1983. Diet shifts in moose due to predator avoidance. Oecologia 60(2):185-189.

Edwards, J. 1983. Tongue grooming as a possible mode for the transfer of rumen microorganisms in moose. Naturaliste Canadien 110(4):477-479.

Miquelle, DG. 1983. Browse regrowth and consumption following summer defoliation by moose. Journal of Wildlife Management 47:17-24.

Belovsky, GE. 1981. Food Plant Selection by a Generalist Herbivore: The Moose. Ecology 624:1020-1030.